Education

Gemstone Care

Posted on September 17, 2017 by John Moore | 0 Comments

Caring for your Gemstones

Gems are among the most durable of nature’s creations. With a little care, they will be as beautiful for generations to come as they are today. Keep in mind these gem care tips.

  • The best way to clean your gemstone jewellery, apart from jewellery cleaners available from Moores, is in a bowl of water with a few drops of ordinary dish detergent. Using an old toothbrush or other soft brush, scrub gently behind the stone where dust and soap can collect. Then just rinse and pat dry with a soft cloth.
  • A home ultrasonic cleaner should be used with extreme caution. It can be used to clean Ruby, Sapphire, Diamond, Amethyst, Citrine, Garnet, Chrysoberyl, and unadorned gold jewelry, but it may damage gems like Coral, Emerald, Lapis Lazuli, Pearls, Peridot, Tanzanite, Tourmaline, Turquoise, and any gem that has many inclusions. When in doubt, don’t use it.
  • Remove your jewelry before vigorous activities.
  • Every day household items can ruin your gemstone jewelry. Make sure you don’t expose your gems to the chemicals in cleaning products, hair care products, fragrances and cosmetics.
  • When getting dressed, put your jewelry on last. At the end of the day, take your jewelry off first. Store your jewelry in a cloth-lined box or pouch and keep them away from other jewelry, which might scratch them.

 

Alexandrite
Alexandrite is rated “excellent” for everyday wear. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.


Amethyst
Amethyst is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.


Ametrine
Ametrine is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.


Aquamarine
Aquamarine is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Bloodstone
Bloodstone is rated “fair” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Cameo
Cameos are quite fragile and are not for everyday wear and special care should be taken wearing. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, wipe gently with a moist cloth.

 


Carnelian
Carnelian is rated “fair” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Chalcedony
Blue and lavender Chalcedony is rated “fair” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Chrysoprase
Chrysoprase is rated “fair” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Citrine
Citrine is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Coral
Coral is not for everyday wear, and one should take care when wearing. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, wipe gently with a moist cloth.

 


Emerald
Emerald is rated “fair to good” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Garnet
Garnet is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat and sudden changes in temperature. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Iolite
Iolite is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Jade
Nephrite Jade is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Lapis
Lapis is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Marcasite
Marcasite is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat and protect from scratches and harsh blows. Typically, the surface will oxidize over time. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Moonstone
Moonstone is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Onyx
Onyx is rated “fair” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Opal
Take care when wearing Opal. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.


Opal, Fire
Take care when wearing Mexican Fire Opal. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Pearl
Pearls are not for everyday wear, and one should take care when wearing. Avoid exposure to heat and protect from scratches and harsh blows. Avoid contact with chemicals, especially perfumes, perspiration and hair sprays. To clean, wipe gently with a moist cloth.

 


Peridot
Peridot is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat and sudden changes in temperature. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Quartz, Smoky
Smoky Quartz is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Ruby
Rubies are rated “excellent” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat and contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Sapphire
Sapphires are rated “excellent” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat and contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Tanzanite
Tanzanite is not for everyday wear, and one should take care when wearing. Avoid exposure to heat and sudden changes in temperature. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Tiger’s Eye
Tiger’s Eye is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid exposure to heat and sudden changes in temperature. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Topaz, Precious
Precious Topaz is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.


Topaz
Blue and White Topaz is rated “fair to good” for everyday wear with care. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. Avoid contact with chemicals. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.


Topaz, Diffused
Diffused Topaz is rated “good” for everyday wear. Avoid contact with chemicals. Re-cutting is not recommended. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water, or clean in an at-home ultrasonic unit.

 


Tourmaline
Tourmaline is rated “fair to good” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Turquoise
Turquoise is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid exposure to heat, contact with chemicals, and protect from scratches and harsh blows. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

 


Zircon
Blue Zircon is rated “fair” for everyday wear with care. Avoid direct sunlight and exposure to heat which may cause color to fade. To clean, gently scrub with a soft toothbrush and a solution of mild dish soap and warm water.

Posted in Alexandrite, Amethyst, Ametrine, Aquamarine, Bloodstone, Cameo, Carnelian, Chalcedony, Chrysoprase, Citrine, Coral, Emerald, Fire Opal, Garnet, Gemstones, Iolite, Jade, Lapis, Marcasite, Moonstone, Onyx, Opal, Pearl, Peridot, Quartz, Ruby, Sapphire, Tanzanite, Tiger’s Eye, Topaz, Tourmaline, Turquoise, Zircon

Solving the Puzzle - How to Assemble a Puzzle Ring

Posted on September 17, 2017 by John Moore | 0 Comments

Begin by arranging rings as illustrated in figure 1:

Ring @ left is Ring A (two indents)

Ring @ right is Ring B (four indents)

Ring @ bottom is Ring C (one indent)

Ring @ top is Ring D (three indents)

 

Figure 1

Holding in left hand, arrange so that rings A & B from a diamond shape, A is on the left and B is on the right, C is closest to you.

Figure 2

Rotate D clockwise until it locks over bottoms of Rings A & B. Rotate Ring C couter clockwise u ntil it locks with Ring D forming an X as illustrated. Use left pinky finger to hold Rings C & D in place.

Figure 3

Rotate Ring B as shown.

Figure 4

Continue rotating Ring B until it is in this position

Figure 5

Flip the bottom of the shank down and B will lock in place with Rings C & D as shown.

Figure 6

Rotate Ring A away from body as shown in illustration 6.

Figure 7

When Ring A is positioned as shown in illustration 7, flip bottom of shank downward and lock in position as shown in illustration 8.

Figure 8

Ring is complete.



Posted in Puzzle Ring

Platinum

Posted on September 17, 2017 by John Moore | 0 Comments

IN RARE FORM

 

 

Platinum is the most rare precious metal. It’s so rare that all of the platinum ever mined could fit into the average American living room. That’s a key part of its prestige. That’s also why it’s a fitting choice for the most significant, meaningful, and rare moments in life.

 

PURE GENIUS

The most pure precious metal, platinum is a fitting symbol for the purest emotions. To be considered platinum, an alloy must be 90% pure platinum. All platinum jewellery manufactured by Moores is is 95% pure. The combination of platinum’s purity, density, and durability means that it’s easier to maintain. It takes a high, resilient polish and is particularly resistant to chipping or any type of metal loss as a result of wear. Its naturally white colour means no need for rhodium plating — although it can be done to bring up an even higher finish.

VITAMIN P

Platinum isn’t only pretty and pure, but it’s completely hypoallergenic, eliminating the possibility of metal related irritations.

WORTH THE WEIGHT

Platinum has more heft than other precious metals. That means it feels heavier compared to its size. For this reason, it’s a good idea to  handle a platinum piece. In the case of platinum, which is approximately 60% heavier than 9ct. gold and 40% heavier than 18ct. gold, feeling is believing.

AGING WITH GRACE

Platinum’s initial shimmering luster resolves over time, giving way to its celebrated patina—the refined look of well-worn platinum. High finished can me maintained with Rhodium plating or having your pieces polished in our workshop. 

Posted in Platinum, Rare

Platinum vs. White Gold

Posted on September 17, 2017 by John Moore | 0 Comments

Posted in Platinum, White Gold

The Four C's of Diamonds

Posted on September 15, 2017 by John Moore | 0 Comments

The Four C's of Diamonds

Value can vary greatly from one diamond to another. This value is determined based on the four Cs: Cut, colour, clarity, and carat weight.

RARITY AND BEAUTY

All gem-quality diamonds are rare, taking billions of years for nature to form them. The journey from the mine to you is long and arduous. While the four C's information helps you to identify the quality of the diamond you are purchasing, it is the combination of these four characteristics which determine a diamond's rarity. If you imagine a four-sided pyramid, with each side being a diamond characteristic—the more readily available diamonds form the base of the pyramid while the rarest diamonds are at the top. Keep this pyramid in mind when you are selecting your diamond. Your selection of characteristics will determine rarity and value. And remember—beauty is in the eye of the beholder. A diamond can only be truly perfect if you think it is beautifully perfect for you.

CUT

When people think of cut, they often think it’s the shape of the diamond. But, it’s about how light is returned due to a diamond’s facets. Cut is responsible for brilliance, fire, and scintillation of a diamond.

Brilliance is the combination of all of the white light reflected from the surface and the inside of the a diamond

Fire are flashes of color you see in a polished diamond

Scintillation are flashes of light you see when the diamond, the light, or the observer moves

For the best results, proportions of its facets, symmetry, the relationship of its weight to its diameter, girdle thickness, and quality of its polish have to come together in just the right way.

 

COLOUR

A diamond’s colour is measured using the GIA® D-to-Z diamond colour grading system. This system is the most widely accepted for grading. All diamonds are evaluated based on the absence of colour.

No hue = higher value

This lack of colour is measured in degrees based on comparisons with masterstones, made while viewing under controlled lighting and conditions. This means that regardless of where in the world the diamond is graded it will be under the same conditions and should receive the same grade. These colour distinctions are invisible to the untrained eye and should be left to a trained diamond grader.

CLARITY

Just as a diamond’s colour is graded on the absence of colour, the diamond’s clarity is graded on the absence of inclusions and blemishes.

Internal characteristics = Inclusions

External characteristics = blemishes

Most are smaller than can be seen by the unaided eye. And, accurate assessment is of utmost importance. So, trained diamond graders evaluate the quantity, size, relief, nature, position of these characteristics, and how they affect the appearance of the diamond.

FL, IF 
Diamonds
Flawless: No internal or external flaws 
Internally Flawless: No internal flaws
VVS1, VVS2 
Diamonds
Very, very slightly included: Very difficult to see inclusions under 10X magnification
VS1, VS2 
Diamonds
Very, slightly included: Inclusions are not typically visible to the unaided eye
SI1, SI2 
Diamonds
Slightly included: Inclusions are visible under 10X magnification and may be visible with the unaided eye
I1, I2, I3 
Diamonds
Included: Inclusions are visible with the unaided eye

 

CARAT WEIGHT

In addition to colour, cut, and clarity, carat weight directly correlates to price of the diamond. This happens because the supply is low (larger = rarer) and demand is high (larger = more popular).

1 Carat = 200 milligrams

1 Point = 0.01 carat = 1/100 of a carat

Diamonds of equal weight are not necessarily the same size. Different proportions and depths will result in different size and weight combinations.

Posted in Carat Weight, Clarity, Colour, Cut, Diamonds, The four C's

Caring For Pearls

Posted on June 09, 2014 by John Moore | 0 Comments

Like any precious heirloom, pearl jewelry requires some care to preserve its freshness and beauty. The following suggestions will help you keep your pearls looking their best.

Daily Care

As an organic gem, pearls are vulnerable to chemicals found in cosmetics, hair spray, and perfume. To preserve the luster of your pearls, always put on your jewellery after applying make-up and styling products.This is good advice for all types of jewellery. 


Pearls can also be harmed by perspiration. Before placing your pearls back in the jewellery box, wipe them gently with a soft cloth.

Storage

Contact with other jewellery may scratch pearls. Avoid tangles by fastening clasps, then lay each jewellery piece in a separate compartment of your jewellery box. When traveling, use a protective jewellery pouch or wrap each item in a soft cloth. Pearls can dehydrate when stored too long, so enjoy them frequently.

Cleaning

Never use an ultrasonic cleaner on your pearls. It can damage their nacre. Occasionally wipe your pearls gently with a cloth dipped in mild, soapy water. Then rinse the cloth in fresh water and wipe the pearls clean. Dry them with a soft cloth.


If pearls come into contact with an acidic substance such as fruit juice, vinegar, or other chemicals, immediately wipe clean with a soft cloth. Be careful not to submerge your pearls in water as this will weaken the silk thread.

Maintenance

From time to time, check the clasps or screws holding your jewellery together. With frequent wear, even well cared for pearls may loosen and they will require restringing.

 

Posted in caring for pearls, cleaning pearls, jewellery care, pearls